Buddhism is divided in several schools that give different interpretations to Buddha and their teachings, like it happens to the churches and sects of the Christianity and each one has their own doctrines and interpretations of their sacred books.
Two big schools exist inside the Buddhism, called Roads. The Theravada; “on the way to the Old men”, or Hinayana; small vehicle or small road, is the conservative school that it emphasizes that each person obtains wisdom and performs its own salvation to give up the world and to take the life of a monk by means of being devoted to the meditation and the study in a monastery.
It gets used that the men live at least part of their life in a monastery. The final goal of the monastic life is to end up being an arhat, that is to say, somebody that has reached perfection and spiritual liberation of the pain and sufferance that are experienced during the cycles of reborning. The Buddha has shown the road, each one has to follow it.
The Buddhist school Mahayana; “Great Vehicle” or “Great Road”, it owes their name to that it emphasizes the teaching of the Buddha that “the truth and the one on the way to the salvation is for all, be that one lives in a cave, a monastery, or a house. It is not alone for those that abandon the world.”
The concept basic Mahayana is that the love and the compassion of the Buddha are so big that he would not retain of anybody the salvation. He teaches that as the nature of the Buddha is in all us, all person can end up being a Buddha, (an illuminated one) or a bodhisatva. The illumination does not come by means of intense self-discipline, but for faith of the Buddha and compassion toward all alive thing.
The Buddhist schools of pure earth or pure country and Zen are among the many mahayanas sects that have been developed in China and Japan.
The first one of these it has like center of their belief the faith in the saving power of the amide Buddha, who promised to his followers that they will be born again in the pure earth or the western paradise, a land of joy and delight where it inhabit gods and humans. From there it is easy to enter in the Nirvana.
Buddhism Zen originates in China and Japan, it received its name of the practices of the meditation. The words Chan (Chinese) and Zen (Japanese) they are variations of the word Sanskrit dhyana that means “meditation.”. The presence of the Zen one is so alive in the Japan that is associated primarily with it.
Zen does not claim faith in any god neither in any creative divinity of the universe; neither it is adjusted to sacred writings. Zen adopts the statement: “Looks inside you, you are the Buddha” that said in an opportunity the own founder of the Buddhism that by means of the appropriate singular discipline, any man can be able to reach the same illumination; satori that conquered Buddha in his moment.
The idea of the vacuum is the center of gravity of the Zen philosophy, in the activity human aesthetics, in the sense of the meditations, “to empty” is the last end to arrive to the deep auto-knowledge that pursue the practices of this religion: to achieve the “noscete ipsum”; know you yourself, of Socrates.
Zen is the liberation of the thought, it is to get the void, the solitude of the mind gets same, to be filled without contamination of a new substance: The immovable conscience of the unit of the universe, of an unique entirety where the man, however, occupies a part.
Zen worries to perfect the meditation practices to see “inside the nature of oneself.” Its purpose is to break the objective illations of the concepts, to be liberated of the contents of the thought, mainly, of the conventional associations among them.
Zen is a doctrine that establishes a new version of the world that drives to the end of the wars and violence, for the spiritual liberation and to fill with a new substance. Having adopted with rigor the foundations of the primitive Buddhism, their meditation techniques go to the human improvement.
The practitioner enjoys the spiritual benefit that contributes Zen, because it spreads to impregnate all the ranks of his existence with its principles. A sample of it is the traditional culture of the Japan, based on Zen perceptions that have been conserved and strengthened through the centuries. Values as the naturalness, the simplicity, the appreciable thing, and the handling of the asymmetry or of the vacuums, they invade the art, and until the martial arts.
Zen puts of present that the human performance cannot come off of the nature that is its basis, neither to be dissociated of the aesthetic thing. There is a sublying down in all these activities to the Zen perceptions, like in the pure love for the nature and a feeling of harmony with it.
The origin of the name of this creed gives its wide meaning of: "view that leads to the highest conscientious stadium", or "union with the Truth". The illumination is not transmitted, but it gets ready to the men to get it for themselves. The formula is to open up to the universe after making the interior Vacuum and it will be able to be discovered in any moment the biggest mysteries and marvels, and also to reach the Truth.
Now it comes the notion and Zen important experience, the "compassion" or "love to the neighbor" that is the one possessed by the illuminated ones, who as Buddha could retire of the life and to enjoy the acquired nirvana, but they prefer to help the men.
Zen like heir of Buddha is not committed with some concrete, natural, analogical or abstract deity, because there is not the so mentioned and usufruct "love to God" of the Christianity, since no deity needs it and the gratitude is something very human, characteristic of the psychic thing and not of the divine thing.
In Zen, beyond the ritual thing, it is a way of absolutely different thought, imbued of an essential necessity of playing the concrete thing through the most naked simplicity. Their exaltation of the man's intimacy like source of all answer, generate a proposal of peace and of freedom, two notions very appreciated by the reflection and the western public that it is in the dead ends to that it has taken the pure reason.
Finally, the Zen is a doctrine body that establishes a new vision of the world, its formula in synthesis it is the sum of the illumination or satori, emptier in that the mind becomes blank and it allows to rest to the reason, more the love to the nature, but the harmony with the universe, and it is to acquire the sensation of peace and freedom characteristic of the nirvana.