The religion of the India almost embraces the whole domain of the vast universal religious map and it gives documentation for the study of the historical evolution of the religious thought. It grapes this way from the most primitive beliefs in mana and animist type until the superiors as Buddhism, Islamism, Christianity and others as that of the Siks, of the parsis and the Djainismo or Jainismo.
The Hinduism is the religion professed for but of 1,000 millions of inhabitants from the India. The belief with but of five thousand years of antiquity, during which this creed experiment manifold modifications and influences, but it maintained some unalterable elements at the same time.
The Hinduism is a different form of understanding the life, because the western values are totally unaware to such a way of perceiving the things. The Westerners spread to see the life like a chronological line of events in the history. The Hindus see it as a cycle that repeats to itself in which the human history has little importance.
The Hinduism is the main and official orthodox religion of the India, and it is daughter of the Brahmanism and granddaughter of the Vidantism and its heresies are the Jainism or the Djainism and the Buddhism.
The origins of the Hinduism are found in the old Vedic religion bringing by Aryans conquerors of the valley of the Indo river almost about four thousand years ago, that it mixed with a primitive Hinduism named Brahmins for those previous epochs, and then in its evolution received the name of Hinduism, that it is an entirety that includes all the aspects of the personal and social life, be the religious, the economic ones or the community ones, the politicians, literary or artistic.
The India is considered as the cradle of all the religions, because the Hinduism spreads to incorporate all the beliefs and all the rituals, almost without exception due to the idea that the divine thing is manifested in an infinitely diverse way. It does not interest to select neither to discard modality some, because in the most extreme in the cases a Hindu can consider that certain cult or divinity are not effective, but never erroneous or refutable.
The Hindu gives of course that there are as many divine powers as the men worship, and that all the gods collaborate to each other for the maintenance of the cosmic order. This implies a wide tolerance, without a doubt, to the point that a Hindu can adhere to another religion without for this one to stop to belong to the Hinduism. They are very few ideas that the Hindu can estimate inconceivable, because they understand that the essence of a religion does not depend on the existence or nonexistence of God, neither that there are one or many gods, but that it acts as human recognition of a non human reality. Reality in which rests the foundations of the universal order and the bases of the law that should govern the men but that, for the Hinduism, it escapes to all possibility of definition on the part of the human language.
The religious truth, this way, is something that neither the words neither the concepts can express; it is beyond all revelation or knowledge.
The most different modalities coexist inside the Hinduism: magic and fetishism, the adoration of animals, the belief in demons, together with the cult to diverse gods and the mystic and ascetic practice, without excluding the most abstract theological reflection.
It is common, for example that in a same region is worshipped to the feminine deities and simultaneously to the gods recognized in the whole India, or inclusive to a god considered superior.
The mythology of the India is tremendously a forest refined and entangled. The number of analogical deities or natural images of the divine thing are very big. According to the legend, twelve centuries ago it was asked to a Hindu teacher how many gods there was: “Thirty three millions”, he responded, the figure can be much bigger or in any event it does not have to be exact, because that underlines is the limitless quantity of gods that it can accumulate: the Indian territory is sowed from dedicated sanctuaries to the most diverse divinities, or of temples trimmed by thousands of gods, but also each breed, each sect and lastly each family in the India, they have their own gods.
The Hindus call to their faith Sanatana Dharma, words of the Sanskrit that the first one means “eternal and without age”, while the second gather several senses: it mentions to the order of the universe, to the coherence that encourages to all the thing and the law, as much the lex naturale as the one that it regulates the relationships among the men. It means, substantially “sustenance".
The Hinduism sustains the existence of a principle that gives organization to the cosmos, then to the world, to the men, principle that always existed and it will subsist eternally. The heterogeneity is alone apparent, since from behind of the multiplicity of gods and of cults it sees nothing else that the dharma manifesting its presence in all the possible forms.
Its polytheism compounds for a vast number of natural deities is not absolute as that of the people that worship to several gods, to those that consider detached to each other and all them unaware to the idea of an unique universal order. It is a religion of polytheism bases in monotheism: the belief in Brahmin the being or supreme reality with many facets or manifestations that it represents the desire to possess a divine image of abstract universality. The different gods or goddesses of the pantheon Hindu represents the powers and functions of a single supreme God in the manifesting world.
The later Vedic thought rejection the concept of a personal supreme being and replaced it for a Divine Principle or Impersonal Last Reality.
In the Hinduism the creation is attributed to one of its bigger gods Brahma, being among the many versions of the creation one that covers them to all, according to which there is an unique and continuous matter that covers the space. It contains three different qualities that generate the such elements as the air and the fire when mixing in variables proportions; of these the universe is born in turn, also known as “the Brahma egg.”
The Cosmic Egg is divided one in two halves, with the earth between in disk form, the one of up celestial where it lodges the Truth and the inferior one or punishment place. Complementary of this image of the universe it is the theory of the “cosmic eras”, whose knowledge helps to value better the salvation notions and of transmigration of the souls of this religion. Finally of the times or death of Brahma, it coincides with the great breakup of the universe. The world has involved and the Brahma is reabsorbed until a new Cosmic Egg arises.
It is surprising this Hindu cosmological thought with the theory of the Big Bang, the expansion and contraction of the universe that it agrees with the symmetrical division of the Cosmic Egg in two halves and their parallel one with the matter and antimatter states.
In the upward evolution it presents the opposed two types of religious rehearsals; the dynamic one that exalts the man's power and the ascetic one based in the renouncement. The animism is manifested in the cult to the ancestors, to the celestial bodies, to the diverse natural manifestations, rivers, mountains, sacred trees, plants, stones, etc., and the totemism like certain nutritious prohibitions as the cow and the cult to gods in animal form.
The asceticism reduces to the minimum the material life and it can end up eliminating the karma or active principle that it originates the reincarnations.
In the India it travels a religious cycle from the Brahmanism to the Buddhism and after new to the Brahmanism.
Although the Hinduism has millions of gods, in fact in the Hindu pantheon there are certain favorite gods that have stood out among the several sects of the Hinduism. Three gods compose that the Hindu call Trimurti; a trinity. The triad presents three figures: Brahma, is the symbol of the eternal creation, it represents to the creative power of God, Vishnu that protects the man and the inferior gods, helps the man's conservation and Siva, that it is the emblem, symbol and representation of the nature, of eternal, simultaneous and fatal destruction and regeneration, or generation and destruction.
All the Hinduism is synthesized in the Trimurti; for the believer an unique God and conservative and destructive creator, for the simple fanatic three gods bosses of other many minor or adorned of countless visual attributes.
The Hinduism is a religion of chaste and for them it is the humanity's eternal religion, to which it belongs all the inhabitants of the earth and the people that have gone away they have made for ignorance or apostasy. This state you can restore by means of a purification ceremony or Shuddhi.
While in the Buddhism, Islamism or Christianity can have conversion, in the Hinduism according to the Hindus one is born this way, and it cannot have conversion.
The sacred books of the Hinduism are the oldest in the world and they are written in Sanskrit in verse and prose and they are essentially penetrated of religious values, and everything in the India seems to induce to the contemplative vision of an universe that disappears in the distance.
The books of the religion of the India are divided in two big groups: Those of suprahuman origin or revealed called Shruti or dogmas, and the humans that constitutes the Smiriti, the tradition. The Vedas belong to the first group and the Ramayana and Mahabharata a second.
The Ramayana is one of the most popular writings among the Hindus, it is the history of the Herse Rama, to the one who the Hindus see as son, brother and model husband. It is considered the seventh avatar or incarnation of Vishnu with an antiquity bigger than five thousand years.
The Mahabharata, is a document considered a summary of the Brahmins and it is one of the monuments of the Sanskrit literature, of there several centuries later Christianity would take the concept of “love to the neighbor”, so to a question Krishna responds: “It knows that the Dharma whose essence is compassion for all the beings, is my first-born son.”. Also, from that Sanskrit source, it originates the concept of the “Christian trinity”, this way, Sri Krishna, one of the gods of the Hindu trinity is considered as an incarnation of Vishnu. In the Christianity it took to Jesus like the son of the Lord: Yahweh, the father.
The Upanishads are representative of a relatively renovated Hinduism. A stay of the Bhagavad-Gita says: When the laws of the family are destroyed; Janardana, then certainly it begins for the men living in the hell. A comment says: “Those that are very sinful in its terrestrial life have to experience different classes of punishments in infernal planets. This punishment is not eternal “. Of this hell possibly the Christianity took its own one, but it took it further it imposed it as eternal torture in the infernal fire without none redemption.
Some elements of the Hindu teaching, such as the immense number of natural images of the deities, that of karma and the injustices of the system of chaste, together with the idolatry and the conflicts that are seeing in the myths, they have made thinking people to question the validity of that faith. A person that doubted of it presented in the northeast of the India more than for twenty-five centuries ago. It was Siddharta Gautama, the illuminated one or Buddha, who settled down a new faith that it did not prosper in the India, but it flourished in other places. That new faith was the Buddhism.